Technical Guidelines of Serve and Return

The purpose of the technical guidelines section is to help you understand the essential elements for each stroke. Here you will find several examples of serves and returns from different angles. Each stroke has been analyzed for you and broken down to help you understand the different key elements present in an effective serve or return.

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Flat Serve Back View

The back view is the perfect perspective to look at the torso rotation and the shoulder and arm action on the serve. Our player uses a platform stance and a nice torso rotation. The hitting shoulder is below the tossing shoulder in the p...

The Serve

The serve is arguably the most important stroke in tennis. Every point starts with a serve and being able to gain control of the point right from the start with a forcing shot can make a huge difference. To get access to the...

Spin Serve (Bird view)

Here is another example of a bird view of a player serving. In this case it is a spin serve. Observe how the racquet-head continues moving from left to right through contact to spin the ball. To get access to the videos and pr...

Serve (Bird view)

Here is another great example of a bird view analysis of a serve. This serve is flat as you will recognize by the rotation of the forearm to and through contact. Additionally, from this angel one gets a very clear view of the frontal bod...

Serve Flat (Back view)

The back view of the flat serve provides a great angle to observe the toss in relation to the body and the racquet path behind the body as the player swings the racquet up to the ball. Observe how the racquet remains on edge as it travel...

Serve Flat (Bird view)

This flat serve analysis from a top view show the rotation of the shoulder and forearm as the arm moves up to hit the ball. Also interesting is the contact point which is farther in front and slightly more to the right (right handed play...

Serve (Front view)

From this angle one notices several things.  The player uses a pin point stance stepping forward with his right leg to allow him to push up from a narrower base.   To get access to the videos and premium media, just login he...

Kick Serve (Back view)

A kick serve allows the player to spin the ball forwards akin to a topspin groundstroke. The spin allows the player to hit higher over the net thus increasing the margin of error. It also generates a very high bounce that forces the oppo...

Serve Kick (Bird view)

The bird view of this kick serve allows us to observe closely the correct contact point and racquet work to make the ball spin forwards. Interesting is to observe how the player uses the wrist to propulse the racquet head in the desired ...

Serve Slice (Bird view)

This bird view gives us a very nice look at the path of the racquet on a slice serve. It is important to notice the angle of the racquet at contact and how the forearm pronates even on a slice serve. To get access to the video...

Attacking Forehand Return Side View

This is a good example of a return with a full swing, one used to attack a weak serve. The side view shows cleary how the player exploits a weak serve by starting an early move to set up her forehand and attack it with an aggressive swin...

One Handed Blocked Backhand Return Body Front

One of the most effective serves is the body-serve, which forces the player to move sideways away from the ball to return. This return requires an extremely short backswing and follow through since the player is not really able to swing ...

Two handed backhand Return back

Returning a very fast serve requires a very compact swing. The player barely has time to turn the torso and set the racquet head behind the incoming ball. In addition, the swing will usually aquire more of a linear form when compared wit...

Return Two Handed BH Front

The slice serve will make the ball rotate sideways and curve. In order to accomplish this, the player has to hit the side of the ball and attack the ball with an angled racquet head. From this back view, it is very easy to see how the pl...

Return Two handed BH blocked Front

The faster the serve, the less time to recae and return it. Therefore, the player has to shorten the swing both on the backswing and on the forwards swing to be able to return effectively. Here is a good example of this. To ge...

Return FH Back

In women and junior tennis the return can be one of the weakest shots in the point. A good returner will take advantage of this and start the point attacking using an aggressive swing Let's take a look at an example. To get ac...

Return FH Front

Here you will have a chance to take a closer look at a return of a week serve. The player has time to step into the court and take a large backswing to generase pace. To get access to the videos and premium media, just login h...

Return FH Side

This is a good example of a return of a weak serve. The side view will show us clearly how the player takes advantage of the slow ball to step into the court and attack it with an aggressive swing. To get access to the videos ...